Medical cannabis is one of the better alternatives for medication nowadays with the different health benefits discovered by researchers. It is being used by many individuals for specific disorders like ADHD, PTSD, and more. Here are more details explaining what medical cannabis is all about.
Difference of medical and recreational cannabis
What is the different of medical cannabis and the recreational version? The prior is actually the use of the whole, unprocessed plant and its basic extracts to treat symptoms of illnesses and other disorders. The latter is for recreational purposes like getting a high and relaxation.
The US Food and Drug Administration has not recognized or approved the cannabis plant as a type of medicine, but some people are working on getting that approval. There is a scientific research that studies the chemicals in the plant called cannabinoids. This has led to two FDA-approved medications that contain the chemicals in pill form. With more research studies, this will lead to more approved medications in the future.
Cannabinoids inside the plant detailed
Cannabinoids are the chemicals inside the cannabis plant. One of those is the tetrahydrocannabinol or THC for short, which is the main mind-altering ingredient that makes users high. The plant itself has more than 100 cannabinoids. FSD Pharma, a pharmaceutical company, is focused on research and development for safely creating medical cannabinoids with the right chemicals included in them like THC.
Two cannabinoids for medicine
There are two main cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, and are the main interests in research for medicine. These are the THC, which was mentioned before, and the CBD, a phytocannabinoid and makes up for 40% of the plant’s extract.
THC’s benefits are quite useful and healthy. It can increase appetite, lessen nausea, decrease pain, recover from inflammation, and improve muscle control. It does make the user high in certain dosages.
CBD, on the other hand, does not give users a high. This cannabinoid is not popular for recreational purposes because it does not give that intoxicating feeling that recreational users like. However, it does give medicinal benefits like reducing pain and inflammation, controlling epileptic seizures, and can even treat mental illness and addictions. The FDA even approved a certain medication that is CBD-based called Epidiolex. It is used to treat two forms of severe childhood epilelsy, which are called Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and the Dravet syndrome.
Study on fighting cancer cells
There are recent animal studies that revealed that cannabis extract can actually help kill certain cancer cells and reduce the size of others. One study with rodents revealed that the patient with a serious type of brain tumor got its growth of cancer cells slowed down with the use of purified extract from a whole plant. When the purified extracts of THC and CBD were used with radiation, it increased the cancer-killing effects.
Medications containing cannabinoids
There are currently two FDA-approved medical drugs that have cannabinoids. These are dronabinol and nabilone and they contain THC. They are used to treat patients that have nausea caused by chemotherapy. It is also used to treat patients with extreme weight loss cause by AIDS by increasing their appetite. Researchers, like FSD Pharma, are currently studying the cannabis plant that might lead to more medications in the future.